Wednesday, May 4, 2011

Census 2010 Paints an Interesting Picture of Southwest: Part I


While the District of Columbia as a whole gained residents over the past 10 years, the population of the Southwest quadrant of DC did not. Despite recent development in the little quadrant that could, the 2010 Census counted 20,916 residents in the Southwest quadrant, a decline of 9.8%, or 2,264 residents from the 2000 Census. When looking at the Southwest Waterfront neighborhood on the west side of the Anacostia and the Southwest neighborhoods on the east side of the river (including Bellevue and Bolling Air Force Base) separately, the population change looks different.  The Southwest Waterfront only lost 242 residents in the past 10 years, or 2% of its population. However, the eastern part of the Southwest quadrant lost 2,022 residents, or 17.9% of its population. 

Back when the 2000 Census was conducted, the west and east sides of the Southwest quadrant looked very similar.  The population of each were about the same (11,863 on the west side and 11,317 in the east) and the ethnic make-up of both areas were almost identical.  Below is what the ethnic make-up of the Southwest quadrant as a whole was after the 2000 Census: 
  • 65.2% Black or African American
  • 27.0% White
  • 2.3% Asian
  • 5.5% Other
  • (Hispanics or Latinos of any race make up 4.5% of the total) 
The last decade saw a divergence in demographics among the two areas of the Southwest quadrant.  After the 2010 Census, the ethnic make-up of the Southwest Waterfront neighborhood (or Ward 6 and a tiny sliver of Ward 2 portion of the quadrant) now looks like the following:
  • 54.3% Black or African American
  • 32.3% White
  • 5.1% Hispanic or Latino of any race (the 2010 Census counts Hispanics differently)
  • 4.5% Asian
  • 3.8% Other
The eastern neighborhoods (or Ward 8 portion) of the Southwest quadrant now look like the following:
  • 71.7% Black or African American
  • 18.2% White
  • 5.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race
  • 1.4% Asian
  • 3.4% Other
Since the last Census, the demographic changes in the Southwest Waterfront neighborhood has trended similar to the District as a whole, with a larger share of White residents moving in and African Americans moving out. Meanwhile, the eastern neighborhoods of the Southwest quadrant have seen the population of all ethnic groups decline, but the percentage of African Americans in the area has increased to nearly 72% of the population. 

The Census Bureau will release more detailed demographics for the District of Columbia from the 2010 Census on Thursday, so once I sift through the data, be on the look-out for part II of this post sometime next week.

The following 2000 Census tracts were used to analyze the Southwest Waterfront neighborhood: 60.01, 60.02, 61, 62.01, 62.02, 63.01, 63.02, 64
The following 2000 Census tracts were used to analyze East of the River neighborhoods: 73.01, 73.08, 98.07, 98.08
The following 2010 Census tracts were used to analyze the Southwest Waterfront neighborhood: 62.02, 64, 102, 105, 110
The following 2010 Census tracts were used to analyze East of the River neighborhoods: 73.01, 98.07, 109

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